WWT’s reserve in Scotland hosts impressive flocks of up to 500 birds from January to March. You can watch the birds probing the ground with their long, curved bills from most of our hides, but the best views are enjoyed from Newfield Hide, Folly Pond Hide and the Farmhouse Tower. Visiting after heavy rainfall when the fields are flooded can provide good views.
Castle Espie in Northern Ireland is a great place to enjoy the curlew’s clear ‘curlee’ call. At their peak in winter, up to 150 birds can be seen feeding along the stream channels on the mudflats, roosting on the Ogilvy and Black Rock islands at high tide, or feeding in the peninsula field. Try the Brent Discovery Hide and the Limekiln Observatory.
Thanks to the food-rich Burry Inlet estuary, Llanelli in Wales is a brilliant spot to see curlews in winter. At high tide, they roost in large flocks of up to 600 birds on the saline lagoons in front of the British Steel Hide. Don’t forget to check the Dafen scrapes behind the hide in case they’re hunting earthworms in the grassland. At low tide, flocks of up to 1,000 curlews can be seen far out on the mudflats probing for worms and crabs. Watch them from the Michael Powell Hide and the observation tower in the visitor centre.
Curlews are a passage migrant and irregular winter visitor at London Wetland Centre. Often glimpsed first thing in the morning around the main lake, grazing marsh and wader scrape, they’re only around for a few hours, maybe using the site to rest and refuel.
The Severn Estuary is an important site for curlews, and around 2,000 to 3,000 curlews depend on the region in winter. Slimbridge in Gloucestershire hosts about 100 to 450 of the birds and you can watch them out on the river and the Dumbles from the Holden Tower, and also on the Tack Piece from the Robbie Garnett Hide.
Curlews are easiest to see during high tides when flocks gather on the edge of the Dumbles to roost, or head inland to the saltmarsh or neighbouring fields to feed, while they wait for the estuarine mud to be exposed again. The tides start coming in around two hours before their peak, so arrive in time to watch the tide rise and the birds begin to move to roost.
From November to January, numbers of curlews at Washington in Tyne and Wear peak at around 900 birds. Your best chance of seeing them is between 3pm and 4pm on dry, frost-free afternoons from the hides overlooking Wader Lake. Diageo Hide and Paddy Fleming Hide offer the best views, though Northumbrian Water Hide and Prince’s Trust Hide can also be good. Look for groups of 50 to 100 birds swooping in and listen for the ‘waffle’ noise created by their rustling feathers.
WWT’s newest reserve in Somerset hosts curlews from September to March, when small numbers feed across the intertidal area. You can usually see one or two from any of the viewpoints over the Marshes. During higher winter tides, larger numbers make their way from Bridgwater Bay into the Marshes, and around 400 birds can be seen roosting together by looking north-east from the horseshoe screen.