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Wetlands, human health & wellbeing

At WWT we see first-hand the way that nature improves people’s sense of wellbeing.

Our natural world has an important part to play in preventing and treating ill health and we believe more people should have the opportunity to access these incredible natural environments where they live and work.

We believe wetlands have a unique role to play in supporting people’s physical and mental health. We’re working to understand this complex relationship better and discover how we can maximise the benefits that wetlands give people.

Disconnection with nature is associated with many conditions such as depression, obesity, asthma and loneliness. Statistics show the most disconnected tend to be people from deprived areas, or who are BAME or elderly. This is often just due to time, convenience or mobility issues.

The problem

The way we live is changing and today most of us live in urban environments. Our towns and cities are developing rapidly, often with very little thought for nature. According to the United Nations 68% of us will be living urban lives by 2050. Nature is being squeezed out by this rapid development. We’re also becoming very technology focused which is leading many of us to live more sedentary, isolated and unhealthy lifestyles. With these changing lifestyles has come a growing disconnection with nature.

The separation from our natural world that urban living brings has had far reaching effects on us and the planet - it is often said to be one of the reasons we face the environmental emergency that we do today. In relation to health, it is associated with conditions such as depression, anxiety, obesity, asthma and heart disease. These now account for 89% of deaths in the UK. Economically, chronic disease places a huge burden on our health and social care services. For example NHS England spent £11.9 billion on mental health services in 2017/18 alone. We need real solutions that can help prevent and manage these debilitating diseases and support healthier lifestyles.

two people in a wetland
Through research we’re beginning to understand more about the special role of water and wetland settings

Could wetlands be part of the solution?

Beyond the basics of providing our food and water, nature provides many things that help us to live healthier lives. It creates biophysical changes to our environment (e.g. temperature regulation), it provides environments and scenes that require limited concentration and so helps us manage stress. Nature also encourages us to be physically active and socially engaged. Our affinity with water suggests that wetlands are especially important in the nature-health interaction. Through research we’re beginning to understand more about the special role of water and the ‘soft fascination’ of wetland settings. Consequently, there’s a need to understand the relationship between wellbeing and wetlands.

We also need to provide opportunities for people to spend time in wetland environments to improve and maintain their health. These many benefits are now being recognised by health care professionals as a way to increase disease prevention and reduce the social burden of chronic disease. For example the NHS is championing the importance of healthy lifestyle choices and are looking to options like social prescribing to help patients improve their health & wellbeing.

Yet it is not only people experiencing ill health that can benefit from spending time in nature. Businesses and governments are increasingly seeing the improvement of the natural environments in which we live and work as a way to produce a more resilient and productive workforce.

people walking in wetlands
We need to understand more about the relationship between wetlands and wellbeing

What we are doing

Much of the scientific research so far has focused on the benefits of green spaces or coastal areas, with wetland habitats often being overlooked. WWT are working to fill this knowledge gap and understand the relationship between human health and wetlands, to demonstrate the benefits wetlands can offer.

Our wetland centres are specially designed to balance accessible, safe, up-close wildlife encounters and maximal wildlife biodiversity. They’re places to relax and engage with the wetland nature. We’re using these settings to evaluate the effects spending time in wetlands has on individual and societal health.

We’ve partnered with leading UK universities and are exploring some of the mechanisms that might lead to health benefits derived from wetlands. For example, our researchers are conducting pilot studies to test the application of new technologies in understanding how wetland experiences impact our brains and bodies.

Our research all has a common goal - we want to do this in order to maximise the benefits and to enable key decision makers to recognise them too. By doing so, we hope to conserve wetlands for the benefit of wildlife and people.

two people in a wetland
Our aim is for key decision makers in the UK to understand the benefits healthy wetlands bring to people

Blue Prescriptions

We’re working with local health care providers to design specialised wetland ‘prescription’ programmes - a nature-based form of social prescribing. These six-week programmes have been designed to enable people to be active, take notice of wildlife and connect with people in wetland settings. The aim is to help people manage low level psychological and physical conditions.

So far we have trialled this programme with two groups of people experiencing poor mental health. We are currently working on an exciting initiative to continue this programme on a large scale in the new year.

WWT believes that having wetland nature nearby has an important role to play in our future towns and cities. We want to put it back where we’ve lost it and create new and innovative urban wetlands that benefit wildlife and urban dwellers alike and in even more ways than just their health & wellbeing.

photography in a wetland
We want blue prescriptions to give people better access to the natural world

Key achievements


More on health & wellbeing

  • The link between nature and mental health

    We all know nature is good for us, but how? Learn more about why nature is so intrinsically linked to our wellbeing.
  • They’re not just good for human health

    Since 1970 over 50 per cent of our freshwater and wetland species have declined in numbers. The main reason is because the quality and quantity of water they live in is declining too.
  • Suggestions for slowing down in nature

    Our tips for how to get the most out of spending time in nature, whether it’s your local park or out in the wilderness.